BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have highlighted the controversial role of Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation in human cutaneous melanoma. Survivin has been proposed as a valid prognostic marker for invasive and metastatic melanomas and lymph node melanoma metastasis in human cutaneous melanoma and is a promising therapeutic target. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the immunohistochemical expression of survivin and β-catenin in canine cutaneous melanocytic tumours, in order to understand their prognostic significance. METHODS: Twenty-one melanocytic tumours (10 melanocytomas and 11 melanomas) were investigated by immunohistochemistry using specific anti-survivin and anti-β-catenin antibodies. A semi-quantitative method was used to analyse the results; β-catenin immunolabelling in neoplastic cells was evaluated as cytoplasmic, membranous or nuclear. The number of survivin-positive cells was counted within ~1000 neoplastic cells. Results were related to histopathological features, evaluated in haematoxylin- and eosin-stained slides, and to the clinical data obtained through a telephone survey with referring veterinarians. RESULTS: Despite a low level of expression in the majority of cases, β-catenin was found to be correlated strongly with malignant behaviour (P < 0.01). An overexpression of nuclear survivin was statistically related to histological features of malignancy, presence of metastasis and death related to melanoma spread (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The low nuclear β-catenin expression, mainly found in metastatic cases, would indicate that β-catenin activation may have only limited importance in the development or progression of canine cutaneous melanoma. The correlation of nuclear survivin expression with malignancy would indicate that survivin is possibly a useful prognostic marker and therapeutic target in canine melanoma patients.

Canine cutaneous melanocytic tumours: significance of β-catenin and survivin immunohistochemical expression

BONGIOVANNI, LAURA;D'ANDREA, Alessandra;CICCARELLI, Andrea;MALATESTA, DANIELA;ROMANUCCI, MARIARITA;DELLA SALDA, Leonardo;
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have highlighted the controversial role of Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation in human cutaneous melanoma. Survivin has been proposed as a valid prognostic marker for invasive and metastatic melanomas and lymph node melanoma metastasis in human cutaneous melanoma and is a promising therapeutic target. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the immunohistochemical expression of survivin and β-catenin in canine cutaneous melanocytic tumours, in order to understand their prognostic significance. METHODS: Twenty-one melanocytic tumours (10 melanocytomas and 11 melanomas) were investigated by immunohistochemistry using specific anti-survivin and anti-β-catenin antibodies. A semi-quantitative method was used to analyse the results; β-catenin immunolabelling in neoplastic cells was evaluated as cytoplasmic, membranous or nuclear. The number of survivin-positive cells was counted within ~1000 neoplastic cells. Results were related to histopathological features, evaluated in haematoxylin- and eosin-stained slides, and to the clinical data obtained through a telephone survey with referring veterinarians. RESULTS: Despite a low level of expression in the majority of cases, β-catenin was found to be correlated strongly with malignant behaviour (P < 0.01). An overexpression of nuclear survivin was statistically related to histological features of malignancy, presence of metastasis and death related to melanoma spread (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The low nuclear β-catenin expression, mainly found in metastatic cases, would indicate that β-catenin activation may have only limited importance in the development or progression of canine cutaneous melanoma. The correlation of nuclear survivin expression with malignancy would indicate that survivin is possibly a useful prognostic marker and therapeutic target in canine melanoma patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11575/89393
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