LIF is twice transiently expressed in the mouse uterus, first at the time of ovulation and again just prior to implantation, and studies have demonstrated a beneficial influence of this cytokine on embryo development in several species. We have investigated the effect of LIF on gametes in vitro, on the hypothesis that the ovulatory peak of LIF can exert an influence on gametes present within the oviduct. We also investigated the effect of LIF on in vitro fertilization and embryo development, in oocytes from adult sheep and from prepubertal lambs that lack the preovulatory hormone surge and that are unable to sustain early embryonic development. A higher rate of pronuclear-stage embryos derived from both, adult and prepubertal female, was obtained when in vitro fertilization was performed in the presence of LIF, and there was an improved cleavage of parthenogenetic embryos when incubated with LIF immediately following activation. In contrast, LIF was found to have no influence on the viability of ram semen. In vitro fertilized two-cell stage embryos from adult sheep and prepubertal lambs, cultured in defined medium enriched with LIF, both reached the blastocyst stage at similar rates to control embryos. However, LIF exerted a positive influence on the quality of the blastocysts as revealed by significantly higher number of ICM cells and total number of cells. Together, these data demonstrate that LIF exerts a beneficial effect on sheep oocytes and embryos in vitro, but only at stages concomitant with steroid hormones surges.[...]

Leukaemia inhibitory factor enhances sheep fertilization in vitro via an influence on the oocyte

PTAK, Grazyna;LOI, Pasqualino
2006

Abstract

LIF is twice transiently expressed in the mouse uterus, first at the time of ovulation and again just prior to implantation, and studies have demonstrated a beneficial influence of this cytokine on embryo development in several species. We have investigated the effect of LIF on gametes in vitro, on the hypothesis that the ovulatory peak of LIF can exert an influence on gametes present within the oviduct. We also investigated the effect of LIF on in vitro fertilization and embryo development, in oocytes from adult sheep and from prepubertal lambs that lack the preovulatory hormone surge and that are unable to sustain early embryonic development. A higher rate of pronuclear-stage embryos derived from both, adult and prepubertal female, was obtained when in vitro fertilization was performed in the presence of LIF, and there was an improved cleavage of parthenogenetic embryos when incubated with LIF immediately following activation. In contrast, LIF was found to have no influence on the viability of ram semen. In vitro fertilized two-cell stage embryos from adult sheep and prepubertal lambs, cultured in defined medium enriched with LIF, both reached the blastocyst stage at similar rates to control embryos. However, LIF exerted a positive influence on the quality of the blastocysts as revealed by significantly higher number of ICM cells and total number of cells. Together, these data demonstrate that LIF exerts a beneficial effect on sheep oocytes and embryos in vitro, but only at stages concomitant with steroid hormones surges.[...]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11575/7171
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