Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) intestinal strips (n = 10) were mounted in an isolated organ bath and the effect of incremental doses of compound 48/80 was recorded. Compound 48/80 induced concentration-related contraction in all the examined strips following a sigmoidal dose-response curve fit. Values for maximal contraction (E(max) , g cm(-2)), negative logarithm of the EC(50) (pD(2)), and hill slope were, respectively (mean±standard error), 12.88 ± 0.51, 1.88 ± 0.05, 1.49 ± 0.27. The histological modification induced on mast cells (MCs) due to compound 48/80 was characterized by mean of gray-levels and texture analysis. Significant differences were observed between gray-levels values (Linear mixed model, P<0.01), contrast, and entropy (Linear mixed model, P<0.05) of MCs from compound 48/80-treated strips compared with MCs from untreated strips. Moreover, maximal intestinal contraction (due to compound 48/80) correlates positively and significantly (Pearson and Spearman correlations, P<0.05) with degranulation intensity determined by means of gray-levels analysis. Four antisera were tested on intestinal sections and no MCs positive to serotonin, substance P, met-enkephalin, and bombesin were found. This study demonstrates that compound 48/80 induces the degranulation of trout intestinal MCs ex vivo, and that the aforementioned degranulation promotes a concentration-dependent intestinal contraction.[...]

Degranulation of mast cells due to compound 48/80 induces concentration-dependent intestinal contraction in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) ex vivo

MANERA, Maurizio;
2011

Abstract

Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) intestinal strips (n = 10) were mounted in an isolated organ bath and the effect of incremental doses of compound 48/80 was recorded. Compound 48/80 induced concentration-related contraction in all the examined strips following a sigmoidal dose-response curve fit. Values for maximal contraction (E(max) , g cm(-2)), negative logarithm of the EC(50) (pD(2)), and hill slope were, respectively (mean±standard error), 12.88 ± 0.51, 1.88 ± 0.05, 1.49 ± 0.27. The histological modification induced on mast cells (MCs) due to compound 48/80 was characterized by mean of gray-levels and texture analysis. Significant differences were observed between gray-levels values (Linear mixed model, P<0.01), contrast, and entropy (Linear mixed model, P<0.05) of MCs from compound 48/80-treated strips compared with MCs from untreated strips. Moreover, maximal intestinal contraction (due to compound 48/80) correlates positively and significantly (Pearson and Spearman correlations, P<0.05) with degranulation intensity determined by means of gray-levels analysis. Four antisera were tested on intestinal sections and no MCs positive to serotonin, substance P, met-enkephalin, and bombesin were found. This study demonstrates that compound 48/80 induces the degranulation of trout intestinal MCs ex vivo, and that the aforementioned degranulation promotes a concentration-dependent intestinal contraction.[...]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11575/6230
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