The use of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) as an electrochemical substrate for horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was investigated. HRP activity has been detected using flow injection analysis at a glassy carbon working electrode polarised at +100 mV versus Ag/AgCl in 0.1 mol l-1 citrate-phosphate buffer (pH 5.0). The optimum concentrations were 2 × 10-4 mol l-1 TMB and 10-3 mol l-1 H2O2. The detection limit obtained after 15 min of incubation was 8.5 × 10-14 mol l-1 HRP with the amperometric method. This limit was lower than that obtained using hydroquinone as HRP substrate and comparable to that with the p-aminophenyl phosphate-alkaline phosphatase system. Better performance was achieved with amperometric than spectrophotometric detection using TMB in a competitive ELISA for rabbit immunoglobulin G as a model analyte.

3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine as electrochemical substrate for horseradish peroxidase based enzyme immunoassays. A comparative study

COMPAGNONE, DARIO;
1998-01-01

Abstract

The use of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) as an electrochemical substrate for horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was investigated. HRP activity has been detected using flow injection analysis at a glassy carbon working electrode polarised at +100 mV versus Ag/AgCl in 0.1 mol l-1 citrate-phosphate buffer (pH 5.0). The optimum concentrations were 2 × 10-4 mol l-1 TMB and 10-3 mol l-1 H2O2. The detection limit obtained after 15 min of incubation was 8.5 × 10-14 mol l-1 HRP with the amperometric method. This limit was lower than that obtained using hydroquinone as HRP substrate and comparable to that with the p-aminophenyl phosphate-alkaline phosphatase system. Better performance was achieved with amperometric than spectrophotometric detection using TMB in a competitive ELISA for rabbit immunoglobulin G as a model analyte.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11575/3943
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