β-catenin is a nuclear signalling molecule that is associated with human prostatic neoplasia and the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. The present study evaluates immunohistochemically the expression of β-catenin and the mesenchymal markers vimentin, desmin, calponin and smooth muscle actin (SMA) in four normal canine prostates and prostate samples from 15 dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and six with prostatic carcinoma (PC). β-catenin was located on the membrane of normal epithelial cells, while the same marker had both cytoplasmic and membrane expression in hyperplastic cells and a nuclear redistribution in PC. Vimentin-positive luminal cells were observed in two of the 15 cases of BPH and in all PC samples, suggesting the conversion of neoplastic epithelial cells to a mesenchymal type. SMA was consistently negative in PC, but there was mild desmin and calponin immunoreactivity in these lesions. As in men, β-catenin is involved in canine prostatic carcinogenesis, thus further validating the use of this animal model to study human prostatic disease.
|Titolo:||Expression of β-catenin and Mesenchymal Markers in Canine Prostatic Hyperplasia and Carcinoma|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|