Post-hatching development of lateral muscle in a teleost fish, Sparus aurata (L) was examined. At hatching only two fibre types were present; several layers of mitochondria-poor, myofibril-rich deep muscle fibres surrounded the notochord and were covered by a superficial monolayer of mitochondria-rich, myofibril-poor fibres. A third ultrastructurally distinct fibre type first appeared as one or two fibres located just under the lateral line at 6 days post-hatching. This type, which gradually increased in number during larval life, contained a slow isoform of myosin, identified by mATPase staining and immunostaining with myosin isoform-specific antibodies. Deep muscle fibres - the presumptive fast-white type-contained a fast myosin, and superficial monolayer fibres an isoform similar but not identical to that in adult pink muscle fibres. The only fibres present during larval life which showed a clear change in myosin expression were the superficial monolayer fibres, which gradually transformed into the slow type post-larvally. Pink muscle fibres first appeared near the end of larval life. Both slow and pink muscle fibres remained concentrated around the horizontal septum under the lateral line during larval life, expanding outwards towards the apices of the myotomes only after metamorphosis. Between 60 and 90 days very small diameter fibres with a distinct mATPase profile appeared scattered throughout the deep, fast-white muscle layer, giving it a 'mosaic' appearance, which persisted into adult life. A marked expansion in the slow muscle layer began at the same time, partly by transformation of superficial monolayer fibres, but mainly by addition of new fibres both on the deep surface of the superficial monolayer and close to the lateral line. The order of appearance of these fibre types, their myosin composition, and the significance of the superficial monolayer layer are discussed and compared to muscle fibre type development in higher vertebrates.[...]

DIFFERENTIATION AND GROWTH OF MUSCLE IN THE FISH SPARUS-AURATA (L) .1. MYOSIN EXPRESSION AND ORGANIZATION OF FIBER TYPES IN LATERAL MUSCLE FROM HATCHING TO ADULT

SCAPOLO, Pier Augusto;
1995

Abstract

Post-hatching development of lateral muscle in a teleost fish, Sparus aurata (L) was examined. At hatching only two fibre types were present; several layers of mitochondria-poor, myofibril-rich deep muscle fibres surrounded the notochord and were covered by a superficial monolayer of mitochondria-rich, myofibril-poor fibres. A third ultrastructurally distinct fibre type first appeared as one or two fibres located just under the lateral line at 6 days post-hatching. This type, which gradually increased in number during larval life, contained a slow isoform of myosin, identified by mATPase staining and immunostaining with myosin isoform-specific antibodies. Deep muscle fibres - the presumptive fast-white type-contained a fast myosin, and superficial monolayer fibres an isoform similar but not identical to that in adult pink muscle fibres. The only fibres present during larval life which showed a clear change in myosin expression were the superficial monolayer fibres, which gradually transformed into the slow type post-larvally. Pink muscle fibres first appeared near the end of larval life. Both slow and pink muscle fibres remained concentrated around the horizontal septum under the lateral line during larval life, expanding outwards towards the apices of the myotomes only after metamorphosis. Between 60 and 90 days very small diameter fibres with a distinct mATPase profile appeared scattered throughout the deep, fast-white muscle layer, giving it a 'mosaic' appearance, which persisted into adult life. A marked expansion in the slow muscle layer began at the same time, partly by transformation of superficial monolayer fibres, but mainly by addition of new fibres both on the deep surface of the superficial monolayer and close to the lateral line. The order of appearance of these fibre types, their myosin composition, and the significance of the superficial monolayer layer are discussed and compared to muscle fibre type development in higher vertebrates.[...]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11575/2617
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 58
social impact