The histological, histochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of a benign giant cell tumour (BGCT) of tendon sheaths in a 12-year-old male European lynx (Lynx lynx) are reported herein. The neoplastic mass involved the subcutaneous and inter-muscular tissues of the first, second, third and fourth digit of the left forelimb, from the phalanxes up to the carpus. The tumour appeared as a grey-whitish tissue mottled with darker areas, along with several scattered foci of orange colour. Histologically, the lesion consisted of a mixed population of numerous, multinucleated giant cells and epithelioid or spindle-shaped mononuclear cells embedded in a loose, highly vascular stroma. Neoplastic cells lined cleft formations and synovial-like projections into cystic spaces. No osteoid matrix could be detected. Haemorrhage and necrosis were also observed. The mononuclear and the giant cells were tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and periodic acid-Schiff positive, being also immunohistochemically reactive for lysozyme and vimentin, with a few cells showing immunopositivity also for alpha-1-antitrypsin. Ultrastructurally, histiocyte-like cells, fibroblast-like cells and multinucleated giant cells were observed, but no virus-like particles could be detected in any of the above cell types. The BGCT of tendon sheaths, a fairly uncommon neoplasm in animals, has not been previously reported in the lynx.[...]

Benign giant cell tumour of tendon sheaths in a European Lynx (Lynx lynx)

MALATESTA, DANIELA;CUOMO, Amedeo;DI GUARDO, Giovanni;DELLA SALDA, Leonardo
2005

Abstract

The histological, histochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of a benign giant cell tumour (BGCT) of tendon sheaths in a 12-year-old male European lynx (Lynx lynx) are reported herein. The neoplastic mass involved the subcutaneous and inter-muscular tissues of the first, second, third and fourth digit of the left forelimb, from the phalanxes up to the carpus. The tumour appeared as a grey-whitish tissue mottled with darker areas, along with several scattered foci of orange colour. Histologically, the lesion consisted of a mixed population of numerous, multinucleated giant cells and epithelioid or spindle-shaped mononuclear cells embedded in a loose, highly vascular stroma. Neoplastic cells lined cleft formations and synovial-like projections into cystic spaces. No osteoid matrix could be detected. Haemorrhage and necrosis were also observed. The mononuclear and the giant cells were tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and periodic acid-Schiff positive, being also immunohistochemically reactive for lysozyme and vimentin, with a few cells showing immunopositivity also for alpha-1-antitrypsin. Ultrastructurally, histiocyte-like cells, fibroblast-like cells and multinucleated giant cells were observed, but no virus-like particles could be detected in any of the above cell types. The BGCT of tendon sheaths, a fairly uncommon neoplasm in animals, has not been previously reported in the lynx.[...]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11575/16346
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