Lipoxygenases (LOXs) are iron-containing enzymes that play critical roles in plants and animals. As yet, metal atom extraction, reconstitution, and substitution have not been successfully applied to soybean LOX-1 [Glycine max (L.) Merrill], a prototype member of the LOX family that is widely used in structural and kinetic studies. Here, tryptic digestion of native LOX-1, used as a control, allowed us to isolate the 60-kDa C-terminal region (termed miniLOX), that retains the catalytically active iron in a more accessible position. Then, iron was removed to obtain an unprecedented apo-miniLOX, which was reconstituted and substituted with different metal ions. These forms of miniLOX were characterized vs. native LOX-1 by kinetic analysis, near UV circular dichroism, steady-state fluorescence, and fluorescence resonance energy transfer. MiniLOX showed a 2-fold increase in the membrane-binding affinity compared with native LOX-1 and a remarkable 4-fold increase compared with apo-miniLOX (K(d)=9.2+/-1.0, 17.9+/-2.0, and 45.4+/-4.3 microM, respectively). Furthermore, miniLOX reconstituted with Fe(II) or Fe(III) partially recovered its membrane-binding ability (K(d)=21.4+/-2.4 and 18.9+/-5.5 microM, respectively), overall supporting a novel noncatalytic role for iron in the LOX family.[...]

A novel role for iron in modulating the activity and membrane-binding ability of a trimmed soybean lipoxygenase-1

DAINESE, Enrico;ANGELUCCI, Clotilde;SABATUCCI, Annalaura;MACCARRONE, Mauro
2010-01-01

Abstract

Lipoxygenases (LOXs) are iron-containing enzymes that play critical roles in plants and animals. As yet, metal atom extraction, reconstitution, and substitution have not been successfully applied to soybean LOX-1 [Glycine max (L.) Merrill], a prototype member of the LOX family that is widely used in structural and kinetic studies. Here, tryptic digestion of native LOX-1, used as a control, allowed us to isolate the 60-kDa C-terminal region (termed miniLOX), that retains the catalytically active iron in a more accessible position. Then, iron was removed to obtain an unprecedented apo-miniLOX, which was reconstituted and substituted with different metal ions. These forms of miniLOX were characterized vs. native LOX-1 by kinetic analysis, near UV circular dichroism, steady-state fluorescence, and fluorescence resonance energy transfer. MiniLOX showed a 2-fold increase in the membrane-binding affinity compared with native LOX-1 and a remarkable 4-fold increase compared with apo-miniLOX (K(d)=9.2+/-1.0, 17.9+/-2.0, and 45.4+/-4.3 microM, respectively). Furthermore, miniLOX reconstituted with Fe(II) or Fe(III) partially recovered its membrane-binding ability (K(d)=21.4+/-2.4 and 18.9+/-5.5 microM, respectively), overall supporting a novel noncatalytic role for iron in the LOX family.[...]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11575/10889
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