Species are going extinct at an alarming rate, termed by some as the sixth mass extinction event in the history of Earth. Many are the causes for this but in the end, all converge to one entity – humans. Since we are the cause, we also hold the key to making the change. Any change, however, will take time, and for some species this could be too long. While working on possible solutions, we also have the responsibility to buy time for those species on the verge of extinction. Genome resource banks, in the form of cryobanks, where samples are maintained under liquid nitrogen, are already in existence but they come with a host of drawbacks. Biomimicry – innovation inspired by Nature, has been a huge source for ideas. Searching methods that Nature utilizes to preserve biological systems for extended periods of time, we realize that drying rather than freezing is the method of choice. We thus argue here in favor of preserving at least part of the samples from critically endangered species in dry biobanks, a much safer, cost-effective, biobanking approach.

Dry biobanking as a conservation tool in the Anthropocene

Saragusty J.
;
Anzalone D. A.;Palazzese L.;Arav A.;Loi P.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Species are going extinct at an alarming rate, termed by some as the sixth mass extinction event in the history of Earth. Many are the causes for this but in the end, all converge to one entity – humans. Since we are the cause, we also hold the key to making the change. Any change, however, will take time, and for some species this could be too long. While working on possible solutions, we also have the responsibility to buy time for those species on the verge of extinction. Genome resource banks, in the form of cryobanks, where samples are maintained under liquid nitrogen, are already in existence but they come with a host of drawbacks. Biomimicry – innovation inspired by Nature, has been a huge source for ideas. Searching methods that Nature utilizes to preserve biological systems for extended periods of time, we realize that drying rather than freezing is the method of choice. We thus argue here in favor of preserving at least part of the samples from critically endangered species in dry biobanks, a much safer, cost-effective, biobanking approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11575/107321
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